Classifiers ensemble of transfer learning for improved drill wear classification using convolutional neural network

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Jarosław Kurek
Joanna Aleksiejuk-Gawron
Izabella Antoniuk
Jarosław Górski
Albina Jegorowa
Michał Kruk
Arkadiusz Orłowski
Jakub Pach
Bartosz Świderski
Grzegorz Wieczorek

Keywords : classifiers ensemble, convolutional neural networks, data augmentation, deep learning, tool condition monitoring

In this paper we introduce the enhanced drill wear recognition method, based on classifiers ensemble, obtained using transfer learning and data augmentation methods. Red, green and yellow classes are used to describe the current drill state. The first one corresponds to the case when drill should be immediately replaced. The second one denotes a tool that is still in a good condition. The final class refers to the case when a drill is suspected of being worn out, and a human expert evaluation would be required. The proposed algorithm uses three different, pretrained network models and adjusts them to the drill wear classification problem. To ensure satisfactory results, each of the methods used was required to achieve accuracy above 90% for the given classification task. Final evaluation is achieved by voting of all three classifiers. Since the initial data set was small (242 instances), the data augmentation method was used to artificially increase the total number of drill hole images. The experiments performed confirmed that the presented approach can achieve high accuracy, even with such a limited set of training data.

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Kurek, J., Aleksiejuk-Gawron, J., Antoniuk, I., Górski, J., Jegorowa, A., Kruk, M., Orłowski, A., Pach, J., Świderski, B., & Wieczorek, G. (2019). Classifiers ensemble of transfer learning for improved drill wear classification using convolutional neural network. Machine Graphics and Vision, 28(1/4), 13–23.

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